Growing cannabis can be extremely rewarding, even if it’s a little bit difficult to get started. It can seem daunting to new growers who aren’t familiar with the setups needed. It is especially scary for those who aren’t used to plants in general or don’t know too much about botany. There is a fair bit to do between deciding on the strain, the growing method, the equipment, indoors, outdoors etc. This article will break down the basics and help new growers get started on their exciting journey.
This is our starting point, the seeds. There is a strain for every kind of grower no matter the experience level or desired type of growing. Whether we are looking to grow indoors or outdoors, prefer Sativa or Indica, if we want to block out the male plants or make things a bit easier by automating the flowering stage.
First, let’s look at autoflowering and feminised seeds:
Autoflowering seeds can be a fantastic choice for beginners as they are faster flowering, are more compact, cost less and are generally very easy to grow. These are great for indoor growing and for small outdoor spaces like balconies since the plants are shorter. The ideal type of seed for first-time experimentation.
Feminised seeds will only grow into female plants, making them a great choice for your first crop. Sexing the plants and removing the males can be a bit of a headache, and a slip up can ruin your whole crop. Not something you want to be dealing with your first time growing. Perhaps a little pricier than regular seeds, but definitely worth it.
You can also get seeds that are both autoflowering and feminised which will make things really easy.
The indoor/outdoor decision is largely based on the grow space you have available and the environment you live in. Indoor is always a good idea and if there is a decent space to grow inside, perhaps in a cupboard. The cost of setting up space will be higher, but there will be a lot more control over the growing environment. Outdoor growing is more eco-friendly and cheaper but can present a lot of issues that a new grower may not be equipped to deal with. The space in which we grow our crops will also narrow down the seed choices as most seeds will only grow in certain environments.
Before we get into specifics of indoor and outdoor growing here are a few overall growing tips:
Even if we buy the very best seeds on the market it doesn’t mean much without high-quality soil. Buy the best soil to make sure the caloric and nutrient needs of the plants are met. Quality organic soil will help your plants reach their full potential.
Make sure the growing space has plenty of light and air, and that the temperature is perfect for the plants. There should be enough humidity without there being too much. It is all about balance when it comes to the environment and it is definitely worth the extra effort.
It’s also a good idea to use boosters and fertilisers to make sure the plants are getting everything they need to grow up to be big and strong. These can be used if your soil starts to lose its nutrients, which it will over time. We also need to keep a close eye on the plants to see if they need extra help. Don’t just use them for the sake of it, giving the plants too much can cause more harm than good.
Do plenty of research about curing and drying the crops. Growing may be the hard part, but the final stages are still crucial. Again this requires excellent balance and a nice flow of air. Mould thrives in dark, dank spaces so make sure the buds are exposed to plenty of light, air and are completely dry before you move onto curing.
Growing outside involves a lot less set up as the sun and environment will do the jobs of the various lights and fans. However, we need to think about the weather. If the climate isn’t warm with plenty of sun the plants may not perform too well. Again this depends on the strain as there are many that grow well in colder weather.
Picking a space in the garden is extremely important, we want to give the plants as much sunlight as possible, especially at midday. A breeze is also great for the plants, but we want to try and protect the plants from strong winds.
In most places, it’s probably a good idea to try and keep plants at least a little hidden. Balconies and rooftops are often safe places to grow, or in a garden with a decent sized fence. The luckier amongst us might be in the middle of nowhere with no nosey neighbours. Remember, these plants can get pretty tall and some of them have a strong scent later in life.
The very first thing to do when growing indoors is to carefully consider every aspect of the available growing space as all of it will affect the plant babies.
Draw a detailed floor plan of the growing space to ensure the dimensions are exactly right. If we are rigging up lights, fans etc we want to make sure the plants aren’t going to be overcrowded.
Next, we choose the grow lights, do we want to use LED or HPS? LEDs are eco-friendly, give the plants everything they need and can provide the full spectrum of light throughout the different growth cycles. HPS lights are a bit more powerful and can help the plants reach their full potential, but temperature control can be a little trickier.
Make sure the growing space has plenty of ventilation to ensure that oxygen is getting to the plants. This also makes sure the plants aren’t overheating in the presence of the fans and other machinery involved in growing. It is vitally important to carefully control the temperature and humidity around the plants. If the growing space becomes too humid the plants could become mouldy.
These are the very basics of growing cannabis but it’s still a good idea to do as much research as possible. There are so many ways to grow, so many delicate aspects to growing and loads of different methods. It’s important to make sure we all find the best method for us.
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Remember: It is illegal to germinate cannabis seeds in many countries and some remote, less enlightened planets outside the core systems. It is our duty to inform you of this fact and to urge you to obey all of your local laws to the letter. The Vault only ever sells or sends out seeds for souvenir, collection or novelty purposes.