Is CBD Legal?
Mostly, yes. Within the United States, CBD is federally legal – This means that, as far as the United States government is concerned, they don’t care about your CBD possession or consumption. This was long a point of contention with the US government until the signing of the 2018 Farm Bill, essentially legalizing the industrial hemp plant as a crop and allowing CBD to be harvested and sold on it’s own (provided it stays beneath the aforementioned 0.3% THC limitation provided by the FDA).
Despite the Farm Bill this does not mean, though, that individual states have all legalized CBD use, and even those that have legalized it’s use & sale may have specific restrictions on the forms it can take.
As of this article’s publication date, three states have laws banning CBD products: Idaho, Iowa and South Dakota. In these states any possession or use of CBD is entirely against state law, and may lead to criminal charges.
And while legal in all other states to some degree, many states have restrictions against the sale of food & beverage products containing CBD; even states where marijuana is otherwise legal such as California and Colorado have restrictions against selling CBD-infused food items or baked goods. Of special mention is Vermont, who specifically bar the combination of CBD with dairy and meat products, and have their own unique rules regarding cannabis & maple syrup.
Can You Buy CBD and THC Together?
If you live in an area where THC is legal for medical or recreational consumption, then yes. If you don’t, though, expect CBD oil without THC to be all that’s available.
Though CBD can come in a number of forms, from oils to topicals to the aforementioned FDA approved seizure medication, there are generally only three “types” of CBD product:
CBD Isolate: This is a highly purified form of CBD that contains, well, isolated, pure CBD, with nothing else from the cannabis plant; this includes terpenes and other cannabinoids. If you’re looking for CBD oil without THC or any other substances, CBD isolate is what you want.
Broad Spectrum CBD: Not as heavily processed as isolate, “broad spectrum” CBD products usually contain the terpenes and other cannabinoids found within the cannabis flower… but this is also CBD oil without THC. The THC from the plant is carefully filtered out of the end product, leaving behind the more legal cannabinoids.
Full Spectrum CBD: “Full Spectrum” offerings are similar to the above but without the THC filtered away, giving the full range of compounds available in the whole plant. Such products usually have a very low dose of THC included, particularly compared to other cannabis concentrates, but do leave some in, allowing the full spectrum concentrates to gain the full benefit of the cannabis plant’s natural compounds.
Though the work involved to make these concentrates can be extensive (and also go a long way to explaining why CBD oil can be so expensive), without the ability to strip away THC molecules from the end result (as in the case of CBD isolate) many CBD products would only be allowed for sale in states where marijuana has been legalized in some fashion.